Value-added tax (VAT) is a tax applied to goods and services at each stage of production and distribution. VAT specialists play a crucial role in helping property developers understand the complexities of VAT and navigate the VAT review process. In this blog, we’ll delve into the rules surrounding VAT and property development and explore when developers might be able to reclaim VAT.
Understanding VAT and VAT Specialists
VAT is a tax charged on most goods and services in the UK, with the standard rate currently at 20%. Reduced rates and exemptions apply to specific goods and services. VAT specialists are professionals who can help property developers understand and comply with VAT regulations.
VAT and Property Development: When is it Payable?
Property developers usually pay VAT on goods and services purchased during their business activities, such as materials, labour, and professional services like architects’ fees. VAT is also payable on the sale of new buildings, with certain exemptions and reduced rates applicable.
Reclaiming VAT: Can Property Developers Do It?
Property developers can generally reclaim the VAT paid on goods and services used for business purposes, known as input tax. However, certain rules and conditions must be met to reclaim VAT. VAT specialists can help developers navigate these requirements and conduct a VAT review to ensure compliance.
- The developer must be registered for VAT with HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC), allowing them to charge VAT on their supplies and reclaim VAT on purchases.
- The goods and services on which VAT is reclaimed must be for business purposes, meaning VAT cannot be reclaimed for personal use or non-business activities.
- Accurate records, including VAT invoices and receipts, must be maintained for at least six years and be available for HMRC inspection.
- Certain goods and services, such as entertainment expenses and personal-use vehicles, are ineligible for VAT reclaim.
Specific Cases for Reclaiming VAT in Property Development
In specific situations, property developers can reclaim VAT in certain circumstances, as long as they meet the above conditions. Some examples include:
- VAT reclaim on goods and services used in constructing a new building intended for business purposes, including materials, labour, and professional services like architects’ fees.
- VAT reclaim on goods and services used in renovating or refurbishing a commercial property, provided it is for business purposes.
- In some cases, VAT reclaim on land or property purchases is possible, subject to certain conditions. For instance, VAT can be reclaimed on a commercial property purchase if the buyer intends to use it for business purposes, and the seller has opted to charge VAT on the sale.
In conclusion, property developers can generally reclaim VAT on goods and services used in their business, provided they meet specific conditions. VAT specialists can help developers understand the rules surrounding VAT and conduct a VAT review to ensure they reclaim VAT where possible. In certain situations, such as constructing a new building or renovating a commercial property, developers can also reclaim VAT.